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Encrypt and backup your passwords to different locations, then if you lost access to your computer or account, you can retrieve your passwords back quickly.
Access important websites e. Protect your computer with firewall and antivirus software, block all incoming connections and all unnecessary outgoing connections with the firewall.
Keep the operating systems e. If there are important files on your computer, and it can be accessed by others, check if there are hardware keyloggers e.
You can use an on-screen keyboard to type your passwords in such cases, it would be more secure if this virtual keyboard or soft keyboard changes layouts every time.
Access important websites in private or incognito mode, or use one Web browser to access important websites, use another one to access other sites.
Or access unimportant websites and install new software inside a virtual machine created with VMware, VirtualBox or Parallels.
Use at least 3 different email addresses, use the first one to receive emails from important sites and Apps, such as Paypal and Amazon, use the second one to receive emails from unimportant sites and Apps, use the third one from a different email provider, such as Outlook and GMail to receive your password-reset email when the first one e.
Yahoo Mail is hacked. Use at least 2 differnet phone numbers, do NOT tell others the phone number which you use to receive text messages of the verification codes.
Do not click the link in an email or SMS message, do not reset your passwords by clicking them, except that you know these messages are not fake.
You can use Web based apps instead, which are more secure and portable. Be careful when using online paste tools and screen capture tools, do not let them to upload your passwords to the cloud.
OS version, screen resolution, etc. If you are a software developer, you should publish the update package signed with a private key using GnuPG, and verify the signature of it with the public key published previously.
If an online shopping site only allows to make payment with credit cards, then you should use a virtual credit card instead. Close your web browser when you leave your computer, otherwise the cookies can be intercepted with a small USB device easily, making it possible to bypass two-step verification and log into your account with stolen cookies on other computers.
To prevent brute force login attacks to your dedicated servers, VPS servers or cloud servers, you can install an intrusion detection and prevention software such as LFD Login Failure Daemon or Fail2Ban.
There is often an increase in the people who note down the password and leave it where it can easily be found, as well as helpdesk calls to reset a forgotten password.
Users may use simpler passwords or develop variation patterns on a consistent theme to keep their passwords memorable. However, if someone may have had access to the password through some means, such as sharing a computer or breaching a different site, changing the password limits the window for abuse.
Allotting separate passwords to each user of a system is preferable to having a single password shared by legitimate users of the system, certainly from a security viewpoint.
This is partly because users are more willing to tell another person who may not be authorized a shared password than one exclusively for their use.
Separate logins are also often used for accountability, for example to know who changed a piece of data. Common techniques used to improve the security of computer systems protected by a password include:.
Some of the more stringent policy enforcement measures can pose a risk of alienating users, possibly decreasing security as a result.
It is common practice amongst computer users to reuse the same password on multiple sites. This presents a substantial security risk, since an attacker need only compromise a single site in order to gain access to other sites the victim uses.
This problem is exacerbated by also reusing usernames , and by websites requiring email logins, as it makes it easier for an attacker to track a single user across multiple sites.
Password reuse can be avoided or minimused by using mnemonic techniques , writing passwords down on paper , or using a password manager.
Historically, many security experts asked people to memorize their passwords: More recently, many security experts such as Bruce Schneier recommend that people use passwords that are too complicated to memorize, write them down on paper, and keep them in a wallet.
Password manager software can also store passwords relatively safely, in an encrypted file sealed with a single master password. A popular password manager software is 1Password.
According to a survey by the University of London , one in ten people are now leaving their passwords in their wills to pass on this important information when they die.
One third of people, according to the poll, agree that their password protected data is important enough to pass on in their will.
Two factor authentication makes passwords more secure. For example, two-factor authentication will send you a text message, e-mail, or alert via a third-party app whenever a login attempt is made and possibly ask you to verify a code sent to you.
Many websites put certain conditions on the passwords their users may choose. In a Wall Street Journal article, Burr reported he regrets these proposals and made a mistake when he recommended them.
According to a rewrite of this NIST report, many websites have rules that actually have the opposite effect on the security of their users.
This includes complex composition rules as well as forced password changes after certain periods of time. While these rules have long been widespread, they have also long been seen as annoying and ineffective by both users and cyber-security experts.
Combined with forced periodic password changes, this can lead to passwords that are difficult to remember but easy to crack.
We are simply fooling the database that stores passwords into thinking the user did something good. Attempting to crack passwords by trying as many possibilities as time and money permit is a brute force attack.
A related method, rather more efficient in most cases, is a dictionary attack. In a dictionary attack, all words in one or more dictionaries are tested.
Lists of common passwords are also typically tested. Password strength is the likelihood that a password cannot be guessed or discovered, and varies with the attack algorithm used.
Passwords easily discovered are termed weak or vulnerable ; passwords very difficult or impossible to discover are considered strong.
There are several programs available for password attack or even auditing and recovery by systems personnel such as L0phtCrack , John the Ripper , and Cain ; some of which use password design vulnerabilities as found in the Microsoft LANManager system to increase efficiency.
These programs are sometimes used by system administrators to detect weak passwords proposed by users. Studies of production computer systems have consistently shown that a large fraction of all user-chosen passwords are readily guessed automatically.
The numerous ways in which permanent or semi-permanent passwords can be compromised has prompted the development of other techniques.
Unfortunately, some are inadequate in practice, and in any case few have become universally available for users seeking a more secure alternative.
That "the password is dead" is a recurring idea in computer security. It often accompanies arguments that the replacement of passwords by a more secure means of authentication is both necessary and imminent.
This claim has been made by numerous people at least since Now they are more than dead. The claim that "the password is dead" is often used by advocates of alternatives to passwords, such as biometrics , two-factor authentication or single sign-on.
Many initiatives have been launched with the explicit goal of eliminating passwords. In spite of these predictions and efforts to replace them passwords still appear as the dominant form of authentication on the web.
In "The Persistence of Passwords," Cormac Herley and Paul van Oorschot suggest that every effort should be made to end the "spectacularly incorrect assumption" that passwords are dead.
Passwords are used on websites to authenticate users and are usually maintained on the Web server, meaning the browser on a remote system sends a password to the server by HTTP POST , the server checks the password and sends back the relevant content or an access denied message.
This process eliminates the possibility of local reverse engineering as the code used to authenticate the password does not reside on the local machine.
Transmission of the password, via the browser, in plaintext means it can be intercepted along its journey to the server.
Many web authentication systems use SSL to establish an encrypted session between the browser and the server, and is usually the underlying meaning of claims to have a "secure Web site".
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Password disambiguation. For assistance with your Wikipedia password, see Help: This section does not cite any sources.
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Archived from the original on 2 June Retrieved 20 May Archived from the original on The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 2, Fred Cohen and Associates.
Principles of Information Security. Retrieved 10 July Do We Need to Hide Passwords? Archived at the Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on November 8, American Elsevier, New York, Passwords Matter Archived at the Wayback Machine.
How long should passwords be? Communications of the ACM. Archived from the original on 12 November Retrieved 12 November Archived from the original on 17 August Retrieved 5 Aug Archived from the original on August 12, Retrieved August 10, You NEED bad passwords and should re-use them a lot".
Archived from the original on 12 August Retrieved 10 August Jot down your passwords. The password must be impossible to remember and never written down.
Archived from the original on 25 December Retrieved 16 July Archived from the original on April 23, Archived from the original on November 28, Archived PDF from the original on Archived from the original on June 29, Retrieved July 24, Retrieved from " https: Password authentication Identity documents Security.
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If you do write your password down, be sure to keep it separate from your PC. For added security, use different passwords for different purposes.
If you do forget or lose your password, there are still several things you can try to reset or recover it. Skip to main content. What do I do?
Can I sign in without a password? How do I create a strong password? How do I change my password? Swipe in from the right edge of the screen, tap Settings , and then tap Change PC settings.
Tap or click Accounts , and then tap or click Sign-in options. Tap or click Change your password and follow the instructions.
To do so, choose one of the following: Does my Microsoft account password affect the password on my email account?
How do I sign in with a picture password? Under Picture password , tap or click Add , and then follow the instructions. Auto-pilot for all your passwords LastPass removes obstacles, letting you get back to the things you love most.
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Families includes everything in Premium , plus: Dat betekent dat bepaalde softwarepakketten soms een paar uur niet beschikbaar zijn. Door goede communicatie behaal je eerder succes, worden problemen voorkomen en ontstaan mooie relaties.
Dat draagt bij aan het welzijn en de welvaart van de wereld. Die communicatie vindt vooral plaats via gesproken en geschreven taal. PassworD ondersteunt klanten bij het vormgeven van hun internationale communicatie, zodat deze waarde toevoegt aan de kwaliteit van hun producten of diensten.
Om aan de norm te voldoen moeten kwaliteitszorg, dienstverlening en het management aan strenge eisen voldoen. Dat maakt dat alle stappen binnen het vertaalproces transparant en controleerbaar zijn.
Eenmaal per jaar voert de Kiwa een audit uit, meestal in april of mei. Afgelopen jaar is PassworD weer volledig goedgekeurd, zonder enige aanbeveling voor verbetering.
Bij PassworD is vertalen mensenwerk Bij PassworD is vertalen niet alleen computerwerk, maar vooral ook mensenwerk.
Zodat je zeker weet dat het klopt wat er staat.