Italien besteht aus 20 Regionen, die in Provinzen, Kommunen und Hauptstädte unterteilt sind. Die Italien Karte zeigt Nachbarländer, Meere und wichtige Städte. A la carte. Unser Küchenchef steht für die raffinierte Interpretation traditioneller talienischer Gerichte. Download. Speisekarte polskawelna.eu PDF-Dokument. Informagiovani Italia Karte von Italien - Karten von Italien - Landkarte italien Meteo Roma. Informationen zu Italien. Karte von Italien · Jugendherberge Rom.
Venice, in particular, had become a major maritime power, and the city-states as a group acted as a conduit for goods from the Byzantine and Islamic empires.
In this capacity, they provided great impetus to the developing Renaissance , began in Florence in the 14th century,  and led to an unparalleled flourishing of the arts, literature, music, and science.
However, the city-states were often troubled by violent disagreements among their citizens. The most famous division was between the Guelphs and Ghibellines.
The Guelphs supported supreme rule by the pope, and the Ghibellines favoured the emperor. City-states often took sides and waged war against each other.
During the Renaissance, Italy became an even more attractive prize to foreign conquerors. Charles soon withdrew, but he had shown that the Italian peninsula could be conquered because they were not united [ citation needed ].
After the Italian Wars , Spain emerged as the dominant force in the region. Venice, Milan, and other city-states retained at least some of their former greatness during this period, as did Savoy -Piedmont, protected by the Alps and well defended by its vigorous rulers.
Christopher Columbus , early European explorer of the New World. Amerigo Vespucci , geographer and traveler from whose name the word America is derived.
The French Revolution and Napoleon influenced Italy more deeply than they affected any other outside country of Europe. The French Revolution began in and immediately found supporters among the Italian people.
The local Italian rulers, sensing danger in their own country, drew closer to the European kings who opposed France. After the French king was overthrown and France became a republic, secret clubs favouring an Italian republic were formed throughout Italy.
The armies of the French Republic began to move across Europe. Once again, Italy was the scene of battle between the Habsburgs and the French.
Wherever France conquered, Italian republics were set up, with constitutions and legal reforms. Napoleon made himself emperor in , and part of northern and central Italy was unified under the name of the Kingdom of Italy, with Napoleon as king.
The rest of northern and central Italy was annexed by France. Only Sicily and the island of Sardinia, which had been ceded to the House of Savoy in and had been under their rule ever since, remained free of French control.
French domination lasted less than 20 years, and it differed from previous foreign control of the Italian peninsula. In spite of heavy taxation and frequent harshness, the French introduced representative assemblies and new laws that were the same for all parts of the country.
For the first time since the days of ancient Rome, Italians of different regions used the same money and served in the same army.
Many Italians began to see the possibility of a united Italy free of foreign control. After the Battle of Waterloo , the reaction set in with the Congress of Vienna allowed the restoration of many of the old rulers and systems under Austrian domination.
The concept of nationalism continued strong, however, and sporadic outbreaks led by such inveterate reformers as Giuseppe Mazzini occurred in several parts of the peninsula down to — This Risorgimento movement was brought to a successful conclusion under the able guidance of Camillo Benso, conte di Cavour , prime minister of Piedmont.
Giuseppe Garibaldi , the popular republican hero of Italy, contributed much to this achievement and to the subsequent incorporation of the Papal States under the Italian monarch.
Italian troops occupied Rome in , and in July , this formally became the capital of the kingdom. Pope Pius IX , a longtime rival of Italian kings, considered himself a "prisoner" of the Vatican and refused to cooperate with the royal administration.
Only in the Roman Pope accepted the unified Italy with Rome as capital. The Italians grew to 45 millions in and the land, whose economy had been until that time based upon agriculture, started its industrial development, mainly in northern Italy.
Between and , the outlines of a new Italy began to appear. On 2 June Italy held its first free election after 20 years of Fascist rule the so-called Ventennio.
Italians chose a republic to replace the monarchy, which had been closely associated with Fascism. They elected a Constituent Assembly to prepare a new democratic constitution.
The Assembly approved the constitution in , which came into force since 1 January From the Magna Graecia period to the 17th century, the inhabitants of the Italian peninsula were at the forefront of Western culture , being the fulcrum and origin of Magna Graecia , Ancient Rome , the Roman Catholic Church , Humanism , the Renaissance , Baroque , the Counter-Reformation and Neoclassicism.
Italy also became a seat of great formal learning in with the establishment of the University of Bologna , the first university in the Western World.
For example, the Schola Medica Salernitana , in southern Italy, was the first medical school in Europe.
Italy continued its leading cultural role through the Baroque period and into the Romantic period, when its dominance in painting and sculpture diminished but the Italians re-established a strong presence in music.
Italian explorers and navigators in the 15th and 16th centuries left a perennial mark on human history with the modern "discovery of America", due to Christopher Columbus.
Also noted, is explorer Marco Polo who travelled extensively throughout the eastern world recording his travels. Due to comparatively late national unification, and the historical autonomy of the regions that comprise the Italian peninsula, many traditions and customs of the Italians can be identified by their regions of origin.
Famous elements of Italian culture are its opera and music, its iconic gastronomy and food, which are commonly regarded as amongst the most popular in the world,  its cinema with filmmakers such as Federico Fellini , Michelangelo Antonioni , Mario Monicelli , Sergio Leone , Alberto Sordi , etc.
Over the ages Italian literature had a vast influence on Western philosophy, beginning with the Greeks and Romans, and going onto Renaissance, The Enlightenment and modern philosophy.
Italian Medieval philosophy was mainly Christian, and included several important philosophers and theologians such as St Thomas Aquinas. Aquinas was the student of Albert the Great , a brilliant Dominican experimentalist, much like the Franciscan , Roger Bacon of Oxford in the 13th century.
Aquinas reintroduced Aristotelian philosophy to Christianity. He believed that there was no contradiction between faith and secular reason.
He was a professor at the prestigious University of Paris. Italy was also affected by the Enlightenment, a movement which was a consequence of the Renaissance and changed the road of Italian philosophy.
Cities with important universities such as Padua , Bologna and Naples , however, also remained great centres of scholarship and the intellect, with several philosophers such as Giambattista Vico — who is widely regarded as being the founder of modern Italian philosophy  and Antonio Genovesi.
Some of the most prominent philosophies and ideologies in Italy during the late 19th and 20th centuries include anarchism , communism , socialism , futurism , fascism , and Christian democracy.
Both futurism and fascism in its original form, now often distinguished as Italian fascism were developed in Italy at this time.
From the s to the s, Italian Fascism was the official philosophy and ideology of the Italian government led by Benito Mussolini.
Meanwhile, anarchism, communism, and socialism, though not originating in Italy, took significant hold in Italy during the early 20th century, with the country producing numerous significant Italian anarchists , socialists, and communists.
In addition, anarcho-communism first fully formed into its modern strain within the Italian section of the First International.
Italian literature may be unearthed back to the Middle Ages , with the most significant poets of the period being Dante Alighieri , Petrarch , and Giovanni Boccaccio.
One of the most remarkable poets of the early 19 and 20th century writers was Giacomo Leopardi , who is widely acknowledged to be one of the most radical and challenging thinkers of the 19th century.
Federigo Tozzi and Giuseppe Ungaretti were well-known novelists, critically appreciated only in recent years, and regarded one of the forerunners of existentialism in the European novel.
Since the Roman Empire, most western contributions to Western legal culture was the emergence of a class of Roman jurists. During the Middle Ages, St.
Thomas Aquinas , the most influential western scholar of the period, integrated the theory of natural law with the notion of an eternal and biblical law.
Alberico Gentili , the founder of the science of international law, authored the first treatise on public international law and separated secular law from canon law and Roman Catholic theology.
Francesco Carrara , an advocate of abolition of the death penalty, was one of the foremost European criminal lawyers of the 19th century.
During the last periods, numerous Italians have been recognised as the prominent prosecutor magistrates. Italians have been the central figures of countless inventions and discoveries and they made many predominant contributions to various fields.
During the Renaissance , Italian polymaths such as Leonardo da Vinci — , Michelangelo — and Leon Battista Alberti —72 made important contributions to a variety of fields, including biology, architecture, and engineering.
Galileo Galilei — , a physicist, mathematician and astronomer, played a major role in the Scientific Revolution. His achievements include the invention of the thermometer and key improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations, and ultimately the triumph of Copernicanism over the Ptolemaic model.
Other astronomers such as Giovanni Domenico Cassini — and Giovanni Schiaparelli — made many important discoveries about the Solar System. Physicist Enrico Fermi —54 , a Nobel prize laureate, led the team in Chicago that built the first nuclear reactor and is also noted for his many other contributions to physics, including the co-development of the quantum theory.
He and a number of Italian physicists were forced to leave Italy in the s by Fascist laws against Jews , including Emilio G.
Other prominent physicists and scientists include: In chemistry, Giulio Natta received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in for his work on high polymers.
Giuseppe Occhialini received the Wolf Prize in Physics for the discovery of the pion or pi- meson decay in Leonardo da Vinci , a father of paleontology and architecture, has been the most influential polymath.
Galileo Galilei , the father of science and modern physics, one of the key figures in astronomy, pioneered the thermometer and made significant works in other fields of science.
Elena Cornaro Piscopia , the first woman to obtain a doctoral degree. Evangelista Torricelli , the inventor of barometer , made various advances in optics and work on the method of indivisibles.
Alessandro Volta , the inventor of the electrical battery and discover of methane, did substantial work with electric currents.
Guglielmo Marconi , inventor of the radio. Enrico Fermi , builder of the first nuclear reactor. During the Middle Ages, Leonardo Fibonacci , the greatest Western mathematician of the Middle Ages, introduced the Hindu—Arabic numeral system to the Western World and he also introduced the sequence of Fibonacci numbers which he used as an example in Liber Abaci.
Gerolamo Cardano , introduced the probability and established the binomial coefficients and binomial theorem and he also invented some essential onjects.
During the Renaissance, Luca Pacioli established accounting to the world, published the first work on Double-entry bookkeeping system.
Galileo Galilei made several significant advances in mathematics. Jacopo Riccati , who was also a jurist, invented the Riccati equation.
Maria Gaetana Agnesi , the first woman to write a mathematics handbook, become the first woman Mathematics Professor at a University.
Gian Francesco Malfatti , posed the problem of carving three circular columns out of a triangular block of marble, using as much of the marble as possible, and conjectured that three mutually-tangent circles inscribed within the triangle would provide the optimal solution, which are now known as Malfatti circles.
Joseph-Louis Lagrange , who was one of the most influential mathematician of his time, made essential works to analysis , number theory , and both classical and celestial mechanics.
Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro invented the Tensor calculus and made meaningful works on algebra, infinitesimal analysis, and papers on the theory of real numbers.
Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro is well known for his invention on absolute differential calculus tensor calculus , further developed by Tullio Levi-Civita , and its applications to the theory of relativity.
Beniamino Segre is one of the main contributor of algebraic geometry and one of the founders of finite geometry. Several of the finest works in Western architecture, such as the Colosseum , the Milan Cathedral and Florence cathedral , the Leaning Tower of Pisa and the building designs of Venice are found in Italy.
Italian architecture has also widely influenced the architecture of the world. British architect Inigo Jones , inspired by the designs of Italian buildings and cities, brought back the ideas of Italian Renaissance architecture to 17th-century England, being inspired by Andrea Palladio.
From folk music to classical , music has always played an important role in Italian culture. Instruments associated with classical music, including the piano and violin, were invented in Italy, and many of the prevailing classical music forms, such as the symphony , concerto, and sonata , can trace their roots back to innovations of 16th- and 17th-century Italian music.
Italians invented many of the musical instruments, including the piano and violin. While the classical music tradition still holds strong in Italy, as evidenced by the fame of its innumerable opera houses, such as La Scala of Milan and San Carlo of Naples, and performers such as the pianist Maurizio Pollini and the late tenor Luciano Pavarotti , Italians have been no less appreciative of their thriving contemporary music scene.
Italians are amply known as the mothers of opera. La Scala operahouse in Milan is also renowned as one of the best in the world. Introduced in the early s, jazz took a particularly strong foothold among Italians, and remained popular despite the xenophobic cultural policies of the Fascist regime.
Today, the most notable centres of jazz music in Italy include Milan, Rome, and Sicily. Later, Italy was at the forefront of the progressive rock movement of the s, with bands like PFM and Goblin.
Italy was also an important country in the development of disco and electronic music, with Italo disco , known for its futuristic sound and prominent usage of synthesizers and drum machines , being one of the earliest electronic dance genres, as well as European forms of disco aside from Euro disco which later went on to influence several genres such as Eurodance and Nu-disco.
Producers and songwriters such as Giorgio Moroder , who won three Academy Awards for his music, were highly influential in the development of EDM electronic dance music.
Today, Italian pop music is represented annually with the Sanremo Music Festival , which served as inspiration for the Eurovision song contest, and the Festival of Two Worlds in Spoleto.
Singers such as pop diva Mina , classical crossover artist Andrea Bocelli , Grammy winner Laura Pausini , and European chart-topper Eros Ramazzotti have attained international acclaim.
Since the development of the Italian film industry in the early s, Italian filmmakers and performers have, at times, experienced both domestic and international success, and have influenced film movements throughout the world.
Erotic Italian thrillers, or Giallos , produced by directors such as Mario Bava and Dario Argento in the s, influenced the horror genre worldwide.
Italians have a long tradition in sport. In numerous sports, both individual and team, Italy has been very successful.
Association football is the most popular sport in Italy. Of the above-mentioned, the goalkeeper Dino Zoff, who served in the National team from to , is to date the only Italian player to have won both the European championship in and the FIFA World Cup in , apart from being the oldest winner ever of the World Cup.
Motorcycle racers such as Giacomo Agostini and Valentino Rossi are recognized as some of the greatest sportstars of all time. Italian athletes have won medals at the Summer Olympic Games , and another medals at the Winter Olympic Games.
Jessica Rossi scored a Shooting sport world record of 75 in the qualification and a world record of As for Olympic games, Italians won medals, particularly in Swordsmanship , which makes them the 6th most successful ethnic group in Olympic history.
There are more than 2,, Italian skiers in the world, most of them in the north and in the centre. Italians are the second of the most who have won the World Cycling Championship more than any other country after Belgium.
Tennis has a significant following near courts and on television. Italian professional tennis players are almost always in the top world ranking of male and female players.
Beach tennis with paddle racquet was invented by Italians, and is practised by many people across the country.
Volleyball is played by a lot of amateur players and professional players compete in the Italian Volleyball League , regarded as the best and most difficult volleyball league in the world.
The male and female national teams are often in the top 4 ranking of teams in the world. Athletics is a popular sport for Italians, as the Italian World and Olympic champions are very celebrated people.
Rugby union was imported from France in the s and has been regularly played since the s; the National team has progressed slowly but significantly during the decades and thanks to the good results achieved in the second half of the s, when they managed to beat historical teams like Scotland , Ireland and eventually France , Italy gained the admission to the Five Nation Championship, later renamed Six Nations ; Italy has taken part to the Rugby World Cup since its inauguration in and never missed an edition though to date has never gone past the group stage.
All indigenous, or Italic , Italians have a similar genetic profile, albeit with regional differences, and in fact, in a recent study about shared genetic ancestors, were found to have one of the highest rates of endogamy out of European nations and regions.
From Tuscany to Basilicata is essentially the core Italian Italic-Neolithic Farmer-Anatolian mixture , both genetically and linguistically this region was historically only settled by Italic tribes and Etruscans , and has very few linguistic influence from either Gallic Celts or Greeks.
According to the founding myth of Rome, Romulus and Remus descended from the Latin kings of Alba Longa, themselves descended from Trojan prince Aeneas, who fled to the Latium after the destruction of Troy by the Greeks.
If there is any truth in the myth as there usually is , the Trojans haplogroup might have emerged in central Italy circa BCE.
The Etruscans , who are thought to have originated in western Anatolia , not far from Troy , also blended with other haplogroups. The earliest modern humans inhabiting Italy are believed to have been Paleolithic peoples that may have arrived in the Italian Peninsula as early as 35, to 40, years ago.
Italy is believed to have been a major Ice-age refuge from which Paleolithic humans later colonized Europe. Migrations from what is now Italy during the Paleolithic and Mesolithic link modern Italians to the populations of much of Western Europe and particularly the British Isles and Atlantic Europe.
The Neolithic colonization of Europe from Western Asia and the Middle East beginning around 10, years ago reached Italy, as most of the rest of the continent although, according to the demic diffusion model, its impact was most in the southern and eastern regions of the European continent.
Starting in the 4th millennium BC as well as in the Bronze Age , the first wave of migrations into Italy of speakers of Indo-European languages occurred, with the appearance of the Remedello , the Rinaldone and the Gaudo cultures.
These were later from the 18th century BC followed by others that can be identified as Italo-Celts , with the appearance of the Proto-Celtic Canegrate culture  and the Proto-Italic Terramare culture ,  both deriving from the Proto-Italo-Celtic Tumulus and Unetice cultures.
They had cremation burials and possessed advanced metallurgical techniques. They were followed, and largely displaced by East Italic Osco-Umbrians group.
By the beginning of the Iron Age the Etruscans emerged as the dominant civilization on the Italian peninsula.
The Etruscans, whose primary home was in Etruria modern Tuscany , inhabited a large part of central and northern Italy extending as far north as the Po Valley and as far south as Capua.
The Ligures are said to have been one of the oldest populations in Italy and Western Europe,  possibly of Pre-Indo-European origin.
They primarily inhabited the regions of Liguria , Piedmont , northern Tuscany , western Lombardy , western Emilia-Romagna and northern Sardinia , but are believed to have once occupied an even larger portion of ancient Italy as far south as Sicily.
During the Iron Age, prior to Roman rule, the peoples living in the area of modern Italy and the islands were:. Italy was, throughout the pre-Roman period, predominantly inhabited by Italic tribes who occupied the modern regions of Lazio , Umbria , Marche , Abruzzo , Molise , Campania , Basilicata , Calabria , Apulia and Sicily.
Sicily, in addition to having an Italic population in the Sicels , also was inhabited by the Sicani and the Elymians , of uncertain origin. The Veneti , most often regarded as an Italic tribe,  chiefly inhabited the Veneto , but extended as far east as Friuli-Venezia Giulia and Istria , and had colonies as far south as Lazio.
The Greeks were frequently at war with the native Italic tribes, but nonetheless managed to Hellenize and assimilate a good portion of the indigenous population located along eastern Sicily and the Southern coasts of the Italian mainland.
The Gauls crossed the Alps and invaded northern Italy in the 4th and 3rd centuries BC , settling in the area that became known as Cisalpine Gaul "Gaul on this side of the Alps".
Although named after the Gauls, the region was mostly inhabited by indigenous tribes, namely the Ligures, Etruscans, Veneti and Euganei. Estimates by Beloch and Brunt suggest that in the 3rd century BC the Gaulish settlers of north Italy numbered between ,—, out of a total population of about 1.
The Ladins of north-eastern Italy and the Romansh people of Switzerland are said to be descended from the Raeti. The Romans —who according to legend originally consisted of three ancient tribes: Latins, Sabines and Etruscans  —would go on to conquer the whole Italian peninsula.
During the Roman period hundreds of cities and colonies were established throughout Italy, including Florence , Turin , Como , Pavia , Padua , Verona , Vicenza , Trieste and many others.
Initially many of these cities were colonized by Latins, but later also included colonists belonging to the other Italic tribes who had become Latinized and joined to Rome.
After the Roman conquest of Italy "the whole of Italy had become Latinized". After the Roman conquest of Cisalpine Gaul and the widespread confiscations of Gallic territory, much of the Gaulish population was killed or expelled.
The Boii , the most powerful and numerous of the Gallic tribes, were expelled by the Romans after BC and settled in Bohemia. Population movement and exchange among people from different regions was not uncommon during the Roman period.
Latin colonies were founded at Ariminum in and at Firmum in ,  while large numbers of Picentes , who previously inhabited the region, were moved to Paestum and settled along the river Silarus in Campania.
Between — BC, 47, Ligures belonging to the Apuani tribe were removed from their home along the modern Ligurian-Tuscan border and deported to Samnium , an area corresponding to inland Campania, while Latin colonies were established in their place at Pisa , Lucca and Luni.
But in the sixth century, another Germanic tribe known as the Longobards invaded Italy, which in the meantime had been reconquered by the East Roman or Byzantine Empire.
The Longobards were a small minority compared to the roughly four million people in Italy at the time. Numerous groups of Slavs and Bulgars , pushed by the Khazars , settled in the Italian peninsula between the 7th and the 8th centuries.
Following Roman rule, Sicily and Sardinia were conquered by the Vandals , then by the Ostrogoths, and finally by the Byzantines.
At one point, while Sardinia grew increasingly autonomous from Byzantine rule to the point of organizing itself into four sovereign Kingdoms or "Judgedoms" Judicati that would last until the Aragonese conquest in the 15th century.
Later a series of conflicts with the Normans ; would bring about the establishment of the County of Sicily , and eventually the Kingdom of Sicily , the Lombards of Sicily not to be confused with the Longobards , coming from the Northern Italy , settled in the central and eastern part of Sicily.
Before them, other Lombards arrived in Sicily , with an expedition departed in , led by the Byzantine commander George Maniakes ,  which for a very short time managed to snatch Messina and Syracuse from Arab rule.
The Lombards who arrived with the Byzantines settled in Maniace , Randazzo and Troina , while a group of Genoese and other Lombards from Liguria settled in Caltagirone.
During the subsequent Swabian rule under the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II , who spent most of his life as king of Sicily in his court in Palermo , Muslims was progressively eradicated until the massive deportation of the last Muslims of Sicily.
By the 12th century, Swabian kings granted immigrants from northern Italy particularly Piedmont , Lombardy and Liguria , Latium and Tuscany in central Italy, and French regions of Normandy , Provence and Brittany all collectively known as Lombards.
An estimated 20, Swabians and 40, Normans settled in the southern half of Italy during this period. Their numbers eventually reached between 15, and 20,,  leading Lucera to be called Lucaera Saracenorum because it represented the last stronghold of Islamic presence in Italy.
The colony thrived for 75 years until it was sacked in by Christian forces under the command of the Angevin Charles II of Naples.
Substantial migrations of Lombards to Naples, Rome and Palermo, continued in the 16th and 17th centuries, driven by the constant overcrowding in the north.
In defense of the Christian religion and in search of soldiers loyal to the Spanish crown, Alfonso V of Aragon , also king of Naples, invited Arbereshe soldiers to move to Italy with their families.
In return the king guaranteed to Albanians lots of land and a favourable taxation. Arbereshe and Schiavoni were used to repopulate abandoned villages or villages whose population had died in earthquakes, plagues and other catastrophes.
Albanian soldiers were also used to quell rebellions in Calabria. Between the Late Middle Ages and early modern period, there were several waves of immigration of Albanians into Italy, in addition to another in the 20th century.
In this period, large groups of ethnic Bavarians and Swabians settled in the northern half of the country. Most of them were quickly assimilated in the native population.
Nevertheless, in , , German speakers were still living in the Po valley. Italian migration outside Italy took place, in different migrating cycles, for centuries.
This rapid outflow and migration of Italian people across the globe can be attributed to factors such as the internal economic slump that emerged alongside its unification, family and the industrial boom that occurred in the world surrounding Italy.
Italy after its unification did not seek nationalism but instead sought work. The mass industrialization and urbanization globally resulted in higher labor mobility and the need for Italians to stay anchored to the land for economic support declined.
Moreover, better opportunities for work were not the only incentive to move; family played a major role and the dispersion of Italians globally.
Italians were more likely to migrate to countries where they had family established beforehand. Notably, it was not as if Italians had never migrated before, internal migration between North and Southern Italy before unification was common.
Night data is valid Tethering and hotspot use are allowed. TIM international is a series of plans only given out to everyone born outside Italy.
You will be asked for proof that you were not born in Italy. Any official document that shows your place of birth will suffice.
A foreign passport or ID card is generally accepted. These plans need to be activated on an existing or new SIM either by calling customer service or or online on your TIM account.
Use the same methods to suspend. No upsize or extensions possible. Be firm and polite. You may show them a print-out of the offer or let them call Head Office.
TIM has implemented Roam like at Home mostly without restrictions on all prepaid plans. Alternatively, they still offer these add-on packages on top of your allowance instead of taking it from your domestic bundle:.
SIM cards are sold in their stores store locator , or online to be sent to an Italian postal address. To check credit, dial default voice rates apply, not included in bundles , use their app or go online to your personal account.
Be aware that Vodafone is the only network that charges calls to check the balance. You can change plans in your online account.
These prices are further discounted, if you link it to an credit card or Italian bank account. Activation can be made online or by calling Base rate and data package will auto-renew after 28 days.
All add-ons will also renew after 28 days, if not stopped before. All allowances can be used in the EU for roaming without surcharges.
Vodafone offers a special plan to foreigners without Italian citizenship showing an ID document from abroad. It includes the Vodafone Pass Web Voce with zero-rated chat and messenger apps see above.
Vodafone has implemented roaming at domestic prices on all of their plans. Skype and Viber VoIP calls are included. In January WindTre was born. This newly merged company has now 27 million mobile customers.
In summer Hutchison former owner of Tre wants to take over the rest of the company and to buy out Veon former owner of Wind pending approval.
In the merger is still going on, the two brands and portfolios of Wind and Tre remain separate for now. Wind excludes most international credit and debit cards from their online top-up, but PayPal remains an option.
Without top-up, the SIM card is valid for 30 days after activation. After each top-up the validity gets extended by 13 months.
Text "Saldo" to to get your balance and the details of the offers on your SIM card and "Dati" to get data credit. They sell different tariffs for voice, text and data, with charges only if you use it.
On all plans Wind Basic for 2. You need to change this online on your account or by app to Wind Easy, if you want to avoid a base charge.
Their default rate for data without having activated a data package is their daily rate and rather expensive: This is charged for any data use, but throttled to 32 Kbps using more.
It will be reset around 2am when a new daily pack is charged as long as you use data. So better add a package. You can change to their combo plans instead with auto-renew every month on the same day and include a call, text and data allowance:.
All prices are lowered when you link them to a Italian credit card or bank account. When ordered online to a store or Italian postal address, activation fee is skipped.
Be prepared to show your ID. These data packages can be added to all prepaid SIM cards as well, even base plans without allowances. The add-on data packages can be activated online on your account or by app valid for one month:.
Activation is online or by texting code to for free. Having reached included volume, speed is throttled to 32 Kbps. They will auto-renew after 28 days.
All overuse will be surcharged with 0. The price of the pack is only charged when the package is used for roaming.
They may auto-renew, if you have credit and stay in the roaming area. Three months after activation the package will automatically be deactivated.
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Die italienische Region Marken auf italienisch: Top Anbieter von Italien Pauschalreisen in die italienischen Alpen: Die Hauptstadt der Region Kampanien ist Neapel.
Top Anbieter von Italien Pauschalreisen nach Kampanien: Top Anbieter von Italien Pauschalreisen nach Piemont: Die Lombardei bietet mehrere bekannte Seen: Top Anbieter von Italien Pauschalreisen in die Lombardei: Ungdomsskolorna indelas i grundskolor och gymnasieskolor.
Esame di Stato conclusivo del primo ciclo di istruzione grundskoleexamen. Esame di Stato conclusivo dei corsi di studio di istruzione secondaria superiore.
Grundskolans och gymnasieskolans olika examensbevis kallas diploma ; i dagligt tal menar man med detta enbart studentexamen.
Den profana byggnadskonsten blomstrade. En mer lyrisk stil utvecklades av Duccio och Fra Angelico. Fontana experimenterade med spatiala kompositioner.
Den realistiska traditionen levde vidare. Italien blev tidigt ett filmland med till exempel Quo vadis? Vid talets slut uppkom solokonserten, dels som concerto grosso Stradella, Corelli , dels som solokonsert Albinoni, Torelli.
Som en reaktion mot Wagner uppkom vid sekelslutet verismen Puccini. Italiens regioner och provinser.Daher finden sich im Verfassungstext einzelne Elemente, die mehr oder weniger klar den jeweiligen politischen Gruppierungen zuzuordnen sind. Einer der wichtigsten Begründer der neuzeitlichen exakten Naturwissenschaften , Galileo Galilei war Astronom , Physiker , Mathematiker , Ingenieur , Kosmologe , Philosoph und setzte eine wissenschaftliche Revolution in Gang. Historische und kulturelle Grundlagen: Die Schwerpunkte der italienischen auswärtigen Kulturpolitik sind die kulturelle Programmarbeit geleistet durch 83 staatliche Kulturinstitute weltweit und die Förderung der italienischen Sprache durch die weltweit Zweigstellen der Dante-Alighieri-Gesellschaft, davon im Ausland und 88 in Italien. Der liberale Druck nahm in allen italienischen Staaten zu. Kurz darauf wurde in Venedig am Insgesamt besitzt das Land gut Kilometer Küstenlandschaft und ist damit in Europa auf den ersten Plätzen was die Küstenlänge betrifft. Die überwältigende Mehrheit der Italiener, vor allem auf dem Lande und am ausgeprägtesten im Süden, steht [diesen Ideen] verständnislos bis feindselig gegenüber. Bisher ist dieses Gesetz bis auf einige Ausnahmen nicht umgesetzt worden. Französische und zu einem kleineren Teil auch spanische Truppen intervenierten Mitte April des Jahres mit dem Ziel, die Herrschaft des Papstes wiederherzustellen. Italien ist auch führend im Bereich Design, insbesondere Innenarchitektur. Der vorläufige Abschluss der territorialen Staatsbildung erfolgte mit der Einnahme Roms bzw. Ursprünglich aus Pisa in der Toskana stammend, hatte er sich von Anfang an für die Ideen der französischen Revolution eingesetzt, musste sich zunächst aus Italien zurückziehen und hatte sich in Frankreich selbst an den revolutionären Umbrüchen beteiligt. Durch die Annäherung Russlands und Frankreichs nach dem Frieden von Paris war Österreich in der Folge des Krimkrieges politisch und diplomatisch geschwächt worden.